Sign In   


Parenting Stress Index, Fourth Edition Short Form

Richard R. Abidin, EdD

Identifies parent–child problem areas quickly
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect, E-Manual, Download
Age range:
Birth to 12 years
10 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree, certificate, or license to practice in a health care profession or occupation, including (but not limited to) the following: medicine, neurology, nursing, occupational therapy and other allied health care professions, physician's assistants, psychiatry, social work; plus appropriate training and experience in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical behavioral assessment instruments. Certain health care providers may be eligible to purchase selected "B" and "C" level instruments within their area of expertise. Specifically, relevant supervised clinical experience using tests (i.e., internship, residency, etc.) in combination with formal coursework ( i.e., Tests and Measurement, Individual Assessment, or equivalent) qualifies a health care provider to purchase certain restricted products. Any PAR Customer already qualified to purchase a "B" or "C" level product, is also qualified to purchase an "S" level product. If you are not already qualified to purchase a "B"or "C" level product from PAR, please download and complete the special Qualification Form for Medical and Allied Health Professionals. (You will need Adobe Acrobat to view.) Close

NEW! The PSI-4-SF PARiConnect Quick Start Kit is now available! It includes the PSI-4 e-Manual, 10 i-Admins, and 10 interpretive reports bundled together to get you started on PARiConnect quickly.

Also available! Administer the PSI-4-SF to your Spanish-speaking clients via PARiConnect!

The PSI-4-SF is an abbreviated version of the PSI-4. Please visit the PSI-4 page to purchase the full-length version.

  • Thirty-six items are divided into three domains: Parental Distress (PD), Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction (P-CDI), and Difficult Child (DC), which combine to form a Total Stress scale.
  • One simple form contains everything you need for administering the measure and for scoring and profiling results.
  • The PSI-4-SF's brevity allows primary health care providers to identify those families most in need of follow-up services. It is also ideal for use in schools, mental health clinics, and research.
  • Empirical validity has been established in studies that focused on parenting of Head Start children, medication adherence, and cognitive development of infants.

Full form available

The PSI-4 is a 120-item inventory that focuses on three major domains of stress: child characteristics, parent characteristics, and situational/demographic life stress. Commonly used as a diagnostic or screening measure to evaluate the parenting system, the PSI-4 helps identify at-risk or problem areas in the child's or parent's behavior. Major enhancements in this revision include: improved cultural sensitivity of item language, increased internal consistency of scales, the addition of age-based norms at the domain and subscale level, enhanced factor loading of items on scales, the addition of T scores to enhance interpretation, and a new normative sample that includes fathers.Learn more about the PSI-4.

Available in Spanish

PSI-4-SF Record/Profile Forms have been translated into U.S. Spanish. This product uses English norms only.

Software is available

The PSI-4-SP allows you to administer either the 120-item PSI-4 or the 36-item PSI-4-SF on-screen or to hand-enter item responses from either form and produces up to four reports. In addition, the software allows you to e-mail an invitation to complete the PSI-4 or PSI-4-SF to the client or rater and helps you manage these assessments. An updated PSI bibliography is included within the software.

  • The PSI-4 Interpretive Report contains a percentile profile, a T-score profile, a score summary table, a validity analysis, a scale-by-scale interpretation of the protocol, a list of possible diagnoses for the child, and intervention recommendations.
  • The PSI-4 Score Report contains a percentile profile, a T-score profile, a score summary table, and a table of item responses.
  • The PSI-4-SF Interpretive Report contains a profile, a score summary table, a scale-by-scale interpretation of the protocol, and a list of possible diagnoses for the child.
  • The PSI-4-SF Score Report contains a percentile profile, a T-score profile, a score summary table, and a table of item responses.

The PSI-4 SP is built on a software platform that improves navigation, ensures ease of use for both client and administrator, and features an innovative design.

To learn more about the PSI-4-SF, visit the PAR Training Portal and watch a video presentation given by the author!