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PAI® Interpretive Report for Correctional Settings

John F. Edens, PhD, Mark A. Ruiz, PhD, and PAR Staff

Assesses offender misconduct risk, psychological needs, and rehabilitation
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect, Download, E-Manual
Age range:
18 years to 89 years
50-60 minutes
Qualification level:
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

Generate an Interpretive Report to Identify Offenders' Risk of Misconduct


This PAI-SP module enables correctional psychologists and staff to generate an interpretive report that identifies offenders’ risk of institutional misconduct during incarceration, describes offenders’ psychosocial needs, and estimates how offenders are likely to respond to incarceration and rehabilitative programs.

Features and benefits

  • A Staff Management Summary provides an integrated summary of the offender’s PAI profile in terms of his or her specific psychological functioning and institutional management factors.
  • Profiles contrast the offender’s test scores with those of (a) the PAI community sample, (b) approximately 1,200 incarcerated offenders from multiple correctional facilities around the country, and (c) offenders of the same gender.
  • The Addictive Characteristics scale helps identify individuals at risk for substance use problems; three validity scales aid in identifying location-specific random responding and help identify inconsistent responding that is specific to correctional settings.

Technical information

Note: Prior installation of the PAI-SP (V.3.0 or higher) is required. Customers planning to use the on-screen administration feature of this module must also purchase PAI-SP Counter Serial Number uses.

  • The PAI-CS interpretive report can be generated from on-screen administration of the PAI or hand-entry of PAI item responses from the Item/Response Booklet. You may also use the PAI-CS On-Site Scanning Module.
  • Internal consistency estimates for the clinical scales range from .82 to .92 in the corrections normative sample, from .74 to .94 in the community normative sample, and from .82 to .94 in the clinical sample.
  • Test-retest correlations of the clinical scales range from .79 to .92 in a combined sample (N = 155) of community-dwelling adults and college students.