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PAI® Spanish

PAI® Spanish: Revised Translation

Leslie C. Morey, PhD, and PAR Staff

Comprehensively assess adult psychopathology in Spanish-speaking clients
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect, E-Manual
Age range:
18 years to 89 years
25–55 minutes
Qualification level:
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

Administer the PAI to Your Spanish Speaking Clients


Throughout the world, Spanish is spoken by more than 559 million peoplewith about 41 million in the U.S. Serving this growing population is critical for your practice. The PAI Spanish: Revised Translation enables you to assess personality and psychopathology among Spanish-speaking adults, helping these individuals get the mental health support, monitoring, and treatment they need.

Intended for use by Spanish-speaking adults in the U.S. who come from many countries and speak different dialects. Concerted effort was made to ensure generalizability among Spanish speakers of varied nationalities and backgrounds, and the present translation will be useful for most Spanish speakers, including those of Mexican, South American, Central American, Cuban, and Puerto Rican background.


PAI components available in Spanish

  • i-Admin
  • Hand-scorable Answer Sheet
  • Reusable Item Booklet


Features and benefits

  • Eliminates ambiguity and lack of clarity in item content.
  • Uses universal terms to ensure applicability for a variety of Spanish dialects.
  • Safeguards semantic equivalence while making language consistent with linguistic recommendations by a linguist and an editor.
  • Maintains the previous reading level to ensure broad understandability.
  • Reviewed exhaustively by an expert panel of bilingual psychologists.
  • Available for digital administration and scoring via PARiConnect and in print.
  • Includes Spanish-language client emails and test instructions to ensure a seamless testing experience.
  • A technical paper describes the development and rationale behind the revision.​​​